[CITASA] The Stellar Seven
aquan at uwo.ca
Wed May 27 17:41:32 EDT 2015
Congratulations to all and what a fab idea!
And worth mentioning Merton's elegant piece on the Matthew effect and the
41st chair. Merton made a good point in his discussion.
Looking forward to seeing many of you in Chicago,
Faculty of Information and Media Studies/Department of Sociology
Digital Humanities Western
Web site: SocioDigital.info
On Wed, May 27, 2015 at 5:35 PM, Gina Neff <gneff at uw.edu> wrote:
> What an amazing list! Thanks for compiling it.
> Dr. Gina Neff
> Associate Professor, Department of Communication
> University of Washington
> Center for Media, Data & Society
> School of Public Policy
> Central European University
> Twitter: @ginasue
> Author, Venture Labor: Work and the Burden of Risk in Innovative Industries
> -----Original Message-----
> From: CITASA [mailto:citasa-bounces at list.citasa.org] On Behalf Of Barry
> Sent: Wednesday, May 27, 2015 2:22 PM
> To: communication and information technology section asa
> Cc: arnout.vanderijt at stonybrook.edu; Laura Robinson;
> dcentola at asc.upenn.edu; Kevin Lewis; wenhong chen
> Subject: [CITASA] The Stellar Seven
> CITASA's best paper commitee -- Katrina Kimport (chair), Celeste
> Campos-Castelli and me -- found that there were so many good papers that we
> wanted to call to your attention. So, we came up with a list and summary of
> really nice ones for your reading pleasure. Summaries by me below. And more
> nicely formatted as a sub-page of CITASA's Awards page.
> The Best Paper and Honorable Mention prizes (from among this set of seven)
> will be announced in due course.
> I hope that this tradition continues, although we are not wedded to the
> number 7.
> See you in Chicago
> Barry Wellman
> FRSC INSNA Founder University of Toronto
> http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman twitter: @barrywellman
> NETWORKED:The New Social Operating System. Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman
> MIT Press http://amzn.to/zXZg39 Print $14 Kindle $9
> Stellar Seven 2015
> Barry Wellman, April 27, 2015
> The CITASA Best Paper Committee kvelled. We had so many good papers! Not
> only were they good, they were diverse in theory, method, and content. And
> they all have been published in fine journals. While we picked an official
> winner and Honorable Mentions - you'll get that news elsewhere - we wanted
> to share with you the Stellar Seven. As they are all winning pieces of
> scholarship, we wanted to bring them to your attention. Not only is each an
> elegant article, taken together they show the exciting panoply of work that
> we're doing. Here are summaries (often using the papers' own words) to
> guide your reading and research pleasure, listed in alphabetical order by
> first author. CITASA is doing great stuff. We hope this summarization of
> stellar nominees-be they seven or some other number-becomes an annual
> Centola, Damon and Andrea Baronchelli. 2015. "The Spontaneous Emergence
> of Conventions: An Experimental Study of Cultural Evolution. Proceedings of
> the National Academy of Science (PNAS). "The Spontaneous Emergence of
> Conventions: An Experimental Study of Cultural Evolution." 112, 7
> (February): 1989-94. Theories of the evolution of social conventions have
> been hindered by the difficulty of evaluating the creation of new
> collective behaviors in large decentralized populations. The authors
> present results of controlled experiments. Their basis is Wittgenstein's
> proposal that repeated interactions produces collective agreement among a
> pair of actors. The experimental trials varied in social network structure.
> Participants (recruited from the Web) were rewarded for coordinating
> locally, but they did not have either incentive or information to achieve
> large scale agreement. The results show that "changes in network
> connectivity can cause global social conventions to spontaneously emerge
> from local interactions, even though people have no knowledge...that they
> are coordinating at a global scale."
> Chen, Wenhong. 2013. "The Implications of Social Capital for the Digital
> Divides in America." The Information Society, 29: 13-25. Does social
> capital in Time 1 predict digital divides in Time 2? Uses a large 2-wave
> over-time panel study to show how social networks/social capital
> facilitates internet access and use. Position generator survey data
> identified the Rs' higher & lower status network connections. Bonding
> capital was indicated by the number of occupations in which R knew someone
> via a strong tie; bridging capital by the number of occupations in which R
> knew someone via a weak tie. Although bridging capital is positively
> associated with Internet access, the average resources available via
> bonding capital are the most versatile, positively related to internet
> access, general use, and online communication. "Before the Internet can
> revitalize social capital, there must be the right social capital in place
> to close the digital divides." [see also Laura Robinson's article]
> Davis, Jenny. 2014. "Triangulating the Self: Identity Processes in a
> Connected Era." Symbolic Interaction 37, 4: 500-23. With the self
> comprised of multiple social identities in a "networked era", people
> negotiate identities and strike "a presentational balance between ideal and
> authentic." Uses 1:1 in-person interviews (N=17) and synchronous text
> exchanges (N=32) from a snowballing generated from the author's own
> Facebook network. Finds three key interaction conditions: "fluidity between
> digital and physical, expectations of accuracy, and overlapping social
> networks....Social actors accomplish the ideal-authentic balance through
> self-triangulation, presenting a coherent image in multiple arenas and
> through multiple media." Self-triangulation has two aspects:
> "networked logic"-individuals' seamless incorporation of multiple media
> into "performative practices"; "preemptive action"-the proactive "decision
> to engage in some act within one arena primarily as a means to support
> performances in other arenas."
> Hampton, Keith, Lauren Sessions Goulet, and Garrett Albanesius. 2015.
> "Change in the Social Life of Urban Public Spaces: The Rise of Mobile
> Phones and Women, and the Decline of Aloneness Over Thirty Years". Urban
> Studies. 52(8): 1489-1504. Americans have become less socially isolated
> using public spaces than a generation ago, due in part to using mobile
> devices. The study is based on comparing videos of the same public spaces
> that William H Whyte's team filmed in 1969+. It uses detailed coding from
> NYC and Philadelphia of the behavior and characteristics of 143,593
> observations, then and now. The most dramatic change has been an increase
> in the proportion of women in public spaces, and a corresponding increase
> in the tendency of men and women to spend time together in public. The rate
> of mobile phone use in public is small, especially in groups. Mobile phone
> use occurs somewhat more often in public spaces where people might
> otherwise be walking alone. This suggests that mobile phone use is
> associated with reduced public isolation and with an !
> increased likelihood of lingering in public. We note that The New York
> Times Magazine has already run a feature story about this research: Mark
> Oppenheimer, "Technology Is Not Driving Us Apart After All":
> Lewis, Kevin. 2013. "The Limits of Racial Prejudice." Proceedings of the
> National Academy of Science (PNAS) 110, 47 (November), 18814-19. Uses a
> very large sample of interactions on online dating site OKCupid to find
> that daters from all racial backgrounds are equally or more likely to cross
> racial boundaries when reciprocating rather than initiating dating contact.
> Further, finds that daters who have received a cross-race message are more
> likely to initiate their own interracial exchange, although the effect
> trails off quickly and varies according to several factors, including the
> racial background of the original sender. Findings illuminate the ongoing
> production of racial segregation in romantic networks through interactive
> choices as well as point toward mechanisms whereby such underlying biases
> may be reduced.
> Robinson, Laura. 2014. "Endowed, Entrepreneurial, and Empowered-Strivers:
> Doing a Lot with a Lot, Doing a Lot with a Little." Information,
> Communication & Society 17, 5: 521-36. Uses 1:1 and focus group
> in-person interviews with California high school students to show how
> access to or deprivation from information resources influences how students
> synthesize information for school. "Endowed-Strivers" with a synergistic
> access to information resources have a self-reliant habitus.
> "Entrepreneurial-Strivers" with few home resources rely on others.
> "Empowered-Strivers" benefit from school-based interventions that provide
> multiple information channels: they develop more self-reliance. The
> "relationships between access conditions, information opportunity
> structures, and types of information habitus...show how the synergistic use
> of informational resources plays a critical role in larger digital
> inequalities." [see also Wenhong Chen's article}.
> Van de Rijt, Arnout, Soong Moon Kang, Michael Restivo, and Akshay Patil.
> 2014. "Field Experiments of Success-Breeds-Success Dynamics." Proceedings
> of the National Academy of Science (PNAS 111, 19 May): 6934-6939. Why do
> similar individuals have different degrees of success? Randomized
> experiments through interventions in Kickstarter, change.org, Wikipedia,
> and epinions.org show that "different kinds of success (money, quality
> ratings, awards, and endorsements)" all improved subsequent rates of
> success. There were limits to this as "greater amounts of initial success
> failed to produce much greater subsequent success."
> CITASA has a bright future: all of the authors are mid-career or younger.
> Taken together, these articles make a great reading list. They show the
> use of CITASA's work on a variety of fields: norms, social capital,
> symbolic interaction, urban, gender, race, teens, and social psychology.
> The papers all come from solid journals. Yet, none of the mainstreamers
> with "social" or "sociological" in their titles appear. Those laggards will
> catch on some day.
> CITASA mailing list
> CITASA at list.citasa.org
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