[CITASA] The Stellar Seven

Barry Wellman wellman at chass.utoronto.ca
Wed May 27 17:42:35 EDT 2015

41st chair?

Anabel, you're ahead of me, as usual

   Barry Wellman
   FRSC                 INSNA Founder               University of Toronto
   http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman           twitter: @barrywellman
   NETWORKED:The New Social Operating System.  Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman
   MIT Press            http://amzn.to/zXZg39        Print $14  Kindle $9

On Wed, 27 May 2015, Anabel Quan-Haase wrote:

> Date: Wed, 27 May 2015 17:41:32 -0400
> From: Anabel Quan-Haase <aquan at uwo.ca>
> To: Gina Neff <gneff at uw.edu>
> Cc: Barry Wellman <wellman at chass.utoronto.ca>,
>     communication and information technology section asa
>     <citasa at list.citasa.org>, Kevin Lewis <lewis at ucsd.edu>,
>     "dcentola at asc.upenn.edu" <dcentola at asc.upenn.edu>,
>     Laura Robinson <laura at laurarobinson.org>,
>     wenhong chen <wenchen2006 at gmail.com>,
>     "arnout.vanderijt at stonybrook.edu" <arnout.vanderijt at stonybrook.edu>
> Subject: Re: [CITASA] The Stellar Seven
> Congratulations to all and what a fab idea!
> And worth mentioning Merton's elegant piece on the Matthew effect and the
> 41st chair. Merton made a good point in his discussion.
> Looking forward to seeing many of you in Chicago,
> Anabel
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Anabel Quan-Haase
> Associate Professor
> Faculty of Information and Media Studies/Department of Sociology
> Western University
> Digital Humanities Western
> Twitter: @anabelquanhaase
> Web site: SocioDigital.info
> On Wed, May 27, 2015 at 5:35 PM, Gina Neff <gneff at uw.edu> wrote:
>> What an amazing list! Thanks for compiling it.
>> Dr. Gina Neff
>> Associate Professor, Department of Communication
>> University  of Washington
>> Center for Media, Data & Society
>> School of Public Policy
>> Central European University
>> Twitter: @ginasue
>> http://ginaneff.com/
>> Author, Venture Labor: Work and the Burden of Risk in Innovative Industries
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: CITASA [mailto:citasa-bounces at list.citasa.org] On Behalf Of Barry
>> Wellman
>> Sent: Wednesday, May 27, 2015 2:22 PM
>> To: communication and information technology section asa
>> Cc: arnout.vanderijt at stonybrook.edu; Laura Robinson;
>> dcentola at asc.upenn.edu; Kevin Lewis; wenhong chen
>> Subject: [CITASA] The Stellar Seven
>> CITASA's best paper commitee -- Katrina Kimport (chair), Celeste
>> Campos-Castelli and me -- found that there were so many good papers that we
>> wanted to call to your attention. So, we came up with a list and summary of
>> really nice ones for your reading pleasure. Summaries by me below. And more
>> nicely formatted as a sub-page of CITASA's Awards page.
>> http://www.citasa.org/
>> The Best Paper and Honorable Mention prizes (from among this set of seven)
>> will be announced in due course.
>> I hope that this tradition continues, although we are not wedded to the
>> number 7.
>> See you in Chicago
>>    Barry Wellman
>>   _______________________________________________________________________
>>    FRSC                 INSNA Founder               University of Toronto
>>    http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman           twitter: @barrywellman
>>    NETWORKED:The New Social Operating System.  Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman
>>    MIT Press            http://amzn.to/zXZg39        Print $14  Kindle $9
>>    _______________________________________________________________________
>> Stellar Seven 2015
>> Barry Wellman, April 27, 2015
>> The CITASA Best Paper Committee kvelled. We had so many good papers! Not
>> only were they good, they were diverse in theory, method, and content. And
>> they all have been published in fine journals. While we picked an official
>> winner and Honorable Mentions - you'll get that news elsewhere - we wanted
>> to share with you the Stellar Seven. As they are all winning pieces of
>> scholarship, we wanted to bring them to your attention. Not only is each an
>> elegant article, taken together they show the exciting panoply of work that
>> we're doing. Here are summaries (often using the papers' own words) to
>> guide your reading and research pleasure, listed in alphabetical order by
>> first author. CITASA is doing great stuff. We hope this summarization of
>> stellar nominees-be they seven or some other number-becomes an annual
>> tradition.
>> Centola, Damon and Andrea Baronchelli.  2015. "The Spontaneous Emergence
>> of Conventions: An Experimental Study of Cultural Evolution. Proceedings of
>> the National Academy of Science (PNAS). "The Spontaneous Emergence of
>> Conventions: An Experimental Study of Cultural Evolution." 112, 7
>> (February): 1989-94. Theories of the evolution of social conventions have
>> been hindered by the difficulty of evaluating the creation of new
>> collective behaviors in large decentralized populations. The authors
>> present results of controlled experiments. Their basis is Wittgenstein's
>> proposal that repeated interactions produces collective agreement among a
>> pair of actors. The experimental trials varied in social network structure.
>> Participants (recruited from the Web) were rewarded for coordinating
>> locally, but they did not have either incentive or information to achieve
>> large scale agreement. The results show that "changes in network
>> connectivity can cause global social conventions to spontaneously emerge
>> from local interactions, even though people have no knowledge...that they
>> are coordinating at a global scale."
>> Chen, Wenhong. 2013. "The Implications of Social Capital for the Digital
>> Divides in America." The Information Society, 29: 13-25. Does social
>> capital in Time 1 predict digital divides in Time 2? Uses a large 2-wave
>> over-time panel study to show how social networks/social capital
>> facilitates internet access and use. Position generator survey data
>> identified the Rs' higher & lower status network connections. Bonding
>> capital was indicated by the number of occupations in which R knew someone
>> via a strong tie; bridging capital by the number of occupations in which R
>> knew someone via a weak tie. Although bridging capital is positively
>> associated with Internet access, the average resources available via
>> bonding capital are the most versatile, positively related to internet
>> access, general use, and online communication. "Before the Internet can
>> revitalize social capital, there must be the right social capital in place
>> to close the digital divides." [see also Laura Robinson's article]
>> Davis, Jenny. 2014. "Triangulating the Self: Identity Processes in a
>> Connected Era." Symbolic Interaction 37, 4: 500-23.  With the self
>> comprised of multiple social identities in a "networked era", people
>> negotiate identities and strike "a presentational balance between ideal and
>> authentic." Uses 1:1 in-person interviews (N=17) and synchronous text
>> exchanges (N=32) from a snowballing generated from the author's own
>> Facebook network. Finds three key interaction conditions: "fluidity between
>> digital and physical, expectations of accuracy, and overlapping social
>> networks....Social actors accomplish the ideal-authentic balance through
>> self-triangulation, presenting a coherent image in multiple arenas and
>> through multiple media." Self-triangulation has two aspects:
>> "networked logic"-individuals' seamless incorporation of multiple media
>> into "performative practices"; "preemptive action"-the proactive "decision
>> to engage in some act within one arena primarily as a means to support
>> performances in other arenas."
>> Hampton, Keith, Lauren Sessions Goulet, and Garrett Albanesius. 2015.
>> "Change in the Social Life of Urban Public Spaces: The Rise of Mobile
>> Phones and Women, and the Decline of Aloneness Over Thirty Years". Urban
>> Studies. 52(8): 1489-1504. Americans have become less socially isolated
>> using public spaces than a generation ago, due in part to using mobile
>> devices. The study is based on comparing videos of the same public spaces
>> that William H Whyte's team filmed in 1969+.  It uses detailed coding from
>> NYC and Philadelphia of the behavior and characteristics of 143,593
>> observations, then and now. The most dramatic change has been an increase
>> in the proportion of women in public spaces, and a corresponding increase
>> in the tendency of men and women to spend time together in public. The rate
>> of mobile phone use in public is small, especially in groups. Mobile phone
>> use occurs somewhat more often in public spaces where people might
>> otherwise be walking alone. This suggests that mobile phone use is
>> associated with reduced public isolation and with an !
>>  increased likelihood of lingering in public. We note that The New York
>> Times Magazine has already run a feature story about this research: Mark
>> Oppenheimer, "Technology Is Not Driving Us Apart After All":
>> http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/19/magazine/technology-is-not-driving-us-apart-after-all.html?_r=0
>> Lewis, Kevin. 2013. "The Limits of Racial Prejudice." Proceedings of the
>> National Academy of Science (PNAS) 110, 47 (November), 18814-19. Uses a
>> very large sample of interactions on online dating site OKCupid to find
>> that daters from all racial backgrounds are equally or more likely to cross
>> racial boundaries when reciprocating rather than initiating dating contact.
>> Further, finds that daters who have received a cross-race message are more
>> likely to initiate their own interracial exchange, although the effect
>> trails off quickly and varies according to several factors, including the
>> racial background of the original sender. Findings illuminate the ongoing
>> production of racial segregation in romantic networks through interactive
>> choices as well as point toward mechanisms whereby such underlying biases
>> may be reduced.
>> Robinson, Laura. 2014. "Endowed, Entrepreneurial, and Empowered-Strivers:
>> Doing a Lot with a Lot, Doing a Lot with a Little." Information,
>> Communication & Society 17, 5: 521-36.   Uses 1:1 and focus group
>> in-person interviews with California high school students to show how
>> access to or deprivation from information resources influences how students
>> synthesize information for school. "Endowed-Strivers" with a synergistic
>> access to information resources have a self-reliant habitus.
>> "Entrepreneurial-Strivers" with few home resources rely on others.
>> "Empowered-Strivers" benefit from school-based interventions that provide
>> multiple information channels: they develop more self-reliance. The
>> "relationships between access conditions, information opportunity
>> structures, and types of information habitus...show how the synergistic use
>> of informational resources plays a critical role in larger digital
>> inequalities." [see also Wenhong Chen's article}.
>> Van de Rijt, Arnout, Soong Moon Kang, Michael Restivo, and Akshay Patil.
>> 2014. "Field Experiments of Success-Breeds-Success Dynamics."  Proceedings
>> of the National Academy of Science (PNAS 111, 19 May): 6934-6939. Why do
>> similar individuals have different degrees of success? Randomized
>> experiments through interventions in Kickstarter, change.org, Wikipedia,
>> and epinions.org show that "different kinds of success (money, quality
>> ratings, awards, and endorsements)" all improved subsequent rates of
>> success. There were limits to this as "greater amounts of initial success
>> failed to produce much greater subsequent success."
>> CITASA has a bright future: all of the authors are mid-career or younger.
>> Taken together, these articles make a great reading list. They show the
>> use of CITASA's work on a variety of fields: norms, social capital,
>> symbolic interaction, urban, gender, race, teens, and social psychology.
>> The papers all come from solid journals. Yet, none of the mainstreamers
>> with "social" or "sociological" in their titles appear. Those laggards will
>> catch on some day.
>> _______________________________________________
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